中國時報【鍾玉玨╱綜合報導】

陷入財經困境的希臘5日將舉行是否接受國際紓困條件的公投,3日發布的最新民調顯示,支持與反對者不相上下,僅1%差距。債權方之一國際貨幣基金組織(IMF)於此關鍵時刻再度發出警告,強調希臘的債務危機猶如無底洞,未來數月需要100億歐元應急,之後3年還需500億歐元應付難關。IMF並下修希臘今年經濟成長展望,由4月預測的2.5%降為0%。

IMF另警告,希臘經濟成長放緩速度若比預期更嚴重,又不落實經濟改革,就須展延歐洲聯盟對其貸款,並取得債權方減記債務。IMF並稱「激進左派聯盟」今年初執政以來,希臘財政不斷惡化,導致融資金額大幅提高。

IMF估計,希臘自今年10月至2018年底還需500億歐元,其中歐洲金援至少占360億歐元,而希臘恐需長達20年的寬限期才可開始還債,直到2055年才可能還清債務。

希臘最大債權人「歐洲金融穩定基金」(EFSF)3日也表示,希臘還不出1300億歐元已構成違約,雖不會立刻要求希臘還款,但保留要求其還款的權利。

針對總理齊普拉斯為逼債權方讓步而執意舉辦公投,希臘反對黨提出訴訟,要求最高行政法院「國務委員會」裁決公投是否合法,而委員會3日已展開討論。

控方提訟理由是公投從籌備到投票僅8天,選民無充分時間了解問題,而籌備過於倉促足以構成違憲質疑。此外,公投選項敘述長且複雜亦引爭議。但訴訟已遭委員會駁回,公投照常舉行。

撇開是否違憲不說,舉辦公投可能讓希臘財務更加吃緊。雅典當局表示,公投成本約2000萬歐元,但在野黨議員估計可能高達1.2億歐元。

根據最新民調,44.8%希臘選民支持國際紓困方案,反對者為43.4%,差距僅1.4%,另有11.8%選民尚未決定。

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Greece's Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, center, speaks to the media after voting at a polling station in Athens, Sunday, July 5, 2015. Greeks began voting early Sunday in a closely-watched, ... 較多Greece's Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, center, speaks to the media after voting at a polling station in Athens, Sunday, July 5, 2015. Greeks began voting early Sunday in a closely-watched, closely-contested referendum, which the government pits as a choice over whether to defy the country's creditors and push for better repayment terms or essentially accept their terms, but which the opposition and many of the creditors paint as a choice between staying in the euro or leaving it. (AP Photo/Spyros Tsakiris) 較少











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Associated Press | 拍攝者 Spyros Tsakiris





2015年7月5日週日 台北標準時間下午4時09分





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